Resolved Question: Which region of China is
Posted on 15 May 2013 | 6:08 am
Resolved Question: What cause the
By Adam Jourdan | Reuters,
JIAXING, China (Reuters) - Overcrowding on farms around Shanghai was the underlying factor that led to 16,000 dead pigs floating down the Huangpu river into China's affluent financial centre, according to an analysis of official documents and interviews with farmers in the region.
The appearance last month of carcasses of rotting hogs in a river that supplies tap water to the eastern Chinese city was a morbid reminder of the pressures facing China's mostly small-scale farmers as the country grapples with food safety scares, environmental pressures and, most recently, a bird flu outbreak.
Until now the main reason for Shanghai's startling outbreak of dead hogs appeared to have been a local government crackdown on criminal gangs that had been selling abandoned carcasses as meat on the black market, meaning fewer ended up in the river.
But a deeper look suggests that an unsustainable level of overcrowding -- a key factor in the spread of disease and death rates -- was the critical issue. Experts warn that if conditions are not improved the incident may not have been a one-off.
"We can't let things go on the way they are or it won't just be the 10,000 or so pigs in the river this year, we'll see more in the coming years," said Xu Yafeng, CEO of NX28, a specialist web platform for agricultural information.
VIDEO - Pig population explosion fuels environmental scandal: http://link.reuters.com/nad67t
In an acknowledgement of the problem, officials launched a plan late last year to slash the number of pigs in the region -- a drive that may have made things worse in the short-term by cutting the amount of land available for farming before there was a corresponding reduction in livestock.
The number of pigs in Jiaxing, a city just to the west of Shanghai identified as the main source of the dead pigs, more than doubled over the last two decades. It hit 7.5 million in 2012, even as the local government cut the amount of land available for farmers.
This overcrowding of pigs led to the city-wide plan to cut hog numbers to below 2 million within just 2 years. "The winter to this spring, the trend of dead pigs has been particularly serious," Wang Xianjun, a local environmental official, told the Jiaxing Daily in March.
"We keep digging more pits to deal with the dead pigs, but if it carries on like this, they won't be able to take them."
Wang's words proved prophetic. Just four days later, the first reports emerged of pigs drifting down the Huangpu.
Local officials contacted by Reuters declined to comment.
China's booming demand for meat has the potential to create ever more crowded farms, ripe for the spread of disease. Pork demand is expected to grow around 20 percent from 2012 levels to 60 million tons by 2020, according to a recent Rabobank report.
The number of small hog farmers around Jiaxing climbed over the last few years as pork prices surged, resulting in far too many pigs for the land available.
Data from a Nanhu district government document in September shows in 2011 the key hog farming town of Xinfeng had a level of 15.3 pigs per mu (667 sq metres), three times higher than the level of five hogs per mu local officials recommended in August 2012. The nearby village of Fengqiao had levels of 10 hog per mu.
"Disease and mortality rates among the pigs have got worse every year," said one woman in the farming area of Henggang on the outskirts of Jiaxing. "In some areas this year mortality rates were probably as high as 30%."
The normal mortality rate for pigs in China is around 3 to 5%, Fang Yan, the deputy head of the rural department of China's state planning bureau, told a news conference in Beijing.
The high density of pig farms, and the poor farm management that is often associated with small-scale farming operations, are key risk factors for porcine circovirus -- a common disease among pigs that is the most likely killer of the floating hogs -- according to many academic and scientific papers.
Since 2012, however, oversupply has driven pork prices down sharply. Between the end of January and mid-March this year, prices tumbled 16.2%.
This had a further impact on disease and mortality rates --when prices are weak, farmers tend to take less care of their livestock, said Tao Shi, a Shanghai-based expert on hog farming. Increasingly aware of the urgency of the issue, the Jiaxing government launched its plan last September to reduce the number of hogs by two-thirds and to slash the amount of land available for farming by around 40%.
Since the carcasses were discovered in the Huangpu, the response has accelerated. A visit to several farming districts around Jiaxing revealed empty sties, which locals said had been recently vacated for demolition.
Many farmers are not happy. One 40-year-old said he has been ordered to close down his farm, while another farmer Reuters interviewed was in the middle of selling his pigs at a loss of 150 yuan per head after being told his farm contravened the regulations. Neither wanted their names used.
"They can't just do it this way and wipe us out so fast," the farmer said, as all but one of his pigs were taken away in two crowded trucks over the space of 30 minutes.
The surge of dead pigs demonstrates the wide the wider pressures China's farmers now confront. Limited land access, falling pork prices, tighter profit margins and the rapid spread of urbanization forces some farmers off the land entirely. Others are pushed to farm in ever more crowded conditions. Many Chinese pig farmers use medicated feed containing antibiotics to help stave off disease, but cost pressures have led some to cut back on expensive vaccines in favour of giving medication later when illness strikes. Others skirt incineration costs by dumping livestock.
David Mahon, Beijing-based managing director of Mahon China Investment Management said the pressure on farmers' margins was huge, which could lead to some farmers cutting corners. "If you push (farmers) to this point, they'll do anything to save costs."
Posted on 24 April 2013 | 12:39 pm
Resolved Question: Are you confident to
by AFP News,
Dead pigs in the Shanghai river, China exceed 13,000 !!
The number of dead pigs found in a river running through China's commercial hub Shanghai had reached more than 13,000, the government and state media said Monday, as mystery deepened over the hogs' precise origin.
The Shanghai government said workers pulled 335 pigs out of the Huangpu river, which supplies 22 percent of the city's drinking water, on Monday, bringing the total to 9,795 since the infestation began earlier this month.
Shanghai has blamed farmers in Jiaxing in neighbouring Zhejiang province for dumping pigs which died of disease into the river upstream, where the official Xinhua news agency said another 3,601 dead animals had been recovered so far.
The Jiaxing government has said the area is not the sole source of the carcasses, adding it had found only one producer that could be held responsible.
The scandal has spotlighted China's troubles with food safety, adding the country's most popular meat to a growing list of food items rocked by controversy.
Samples of the dead pigs have tested positive for porcine circovirus, a common swine disease that does not affect humans.
"Due to some farming households having a weak recognition of the law, bad habits, and lack of increased supervision and capability for treatment have led to the situation," the national agriculture ministry's chief veterinarian Yu Kangzhen said.
Yu attributed a higher mortality rate among pigs to colder weather this spring, though he ruled out an epidemic, the ministry said in statement posted on its website over the weekend.
The Shanghai government said in its statement that the quality of drinking water remained within national standards, despite widespread worries over water quality among the city's 23 million residents.
The thousands of dead pigs have drawn attention to China's poorly regulated farm production. Animals that die from disease can end up in the country's food supply chain or improperly disposed of, despite laws against the practice.
China faced one its biggest food-safety scandals in 2008 when the industrial chemical melamine was found to have been illegally added to dairy products, killing at least six babies and making 300,000 people ill.
In another recent incident, the American fast-food giant KFC faced controversy after revealing that some Chinese suppliers provided chicken with high levels of antibiotics, in what appeared to be an industry-wide practice. Are you still confident to eat pork in China given CCP's governing and laws are so relaxed and disorder? In a country as China that have no laws, no rules, no systems, no freedoms, no human rights, no order, no transparency, no procedures in doing things but full of corruptions, air/water/soil pollutions, toxic food/milk/drink/spices/cooking oil and barbaric CCP officials, literally anything can happen.
There're supposed to be laws governing cooking oil BUT over 50% restaurants in Shanghai, Beijing and all over China use trash oil drained from garbage as cooking oil. Won't be surprised some greedy grocery merchants steal the dead pigs from the Shanghai river and take them to black markets to profit. Shanghai is one of the most important cities in China with many foreign journalists present to tell the dead pig story to the world that has put pressure to the lazy CCP officials to do some cosmetic jobs. In the inner country and remote rural areas, Chinese People probably fed with diseased pigs, cows, lambs, chickens daily.
Chinese People, act now and say NO to your corrupted, incompetent government. Shanghai is one of the most important cities in China with many foreign journalists present to tell the dead pig story to the world that has put pressure to the lazy CCP officials to do some cosmetic jobs. In the inner country and remote rural areas, Chinese People probably fed with diseased pigs, cows, lambs, chickens daily.
Chinese People, act now and say NO to your corrupted, incompetent government.
Posted on 18 March 2013 | 10:22 am
Resolved Question: Do Shanghainese pigs
SHANGHAI/BEIJING (Reuters) - The rotting bodies of about 6,000 pigs in a river that supplies tap water to Shanghai has drawn attention to an ugly truth - China's pig farms are often riddled with disease and one way or another, sick animals often end up in the food chain.
Authorities have found traces of a common pig virus in some of the animals floating in the Huangpu River this week, and industry insiders say farmers likely dumped them, common in an industry which has no system of compensation for losses from disease.
"There is no mechanism by which, whenever diseases are found among pigs, the government compensates pig breeders so as to control the spread of diseases or compensate pig breeders for losses," said Feng Yonghui, general manager at pig-industry research organisation Soozhu.com.
To make matters worse, Feng said insurance companies were unwilling to insure pig breeders because the risks were so high.
On Wednesday, workers on barges and on the riverbank used pitchforks to drag bloated dead pigs out of the river. Pork is China's staple meat and the swine population is the world's largest at 475 million head at the end of last year.
At market, margins on pork are thin and for hog farmers unwilling to spend money to incinerate or bury dead animals, the Huangpu River may have offered a tempting alternative.
While there was no proof any sick animals had been butchered and sold for meat in this case, media have reported several scandals involving sick or dead livestock being butchered and sold for meat.
Early this year, state media accused a supplier of chicken to KFC and McDonald's of selling them sick poultry. The supplier denied it.
While authorities have not confirmed a disease, or the death of unusually large numbers of pigs, talk of pigs dying would seem to suggest an outbreak of some sort.
One Jiaxing farmer, 69-year-old Jiang Lie, said about 30 percent of his pigs had died of disease since January.
Reuters witnesses visited three reeking swine disposal pits in Jiaxing which appeared to have been just filled up and had signs saying they were at capacity.
Dumping pigs into a river is not unheard of.
"We don't think it is individual case. Many similar cases were just not reported," said Wang Xiaoyue, an analyst with Beijing Orient Agri-business Consultant Co Ltd.
Villager Yan Lan'e said there were always pigs in the Huangpu, and aside from the number, the only difference this week was that authorities were clearing them out along with the trash. "Before, they just cleared out the garbage," she said.
Rather than blaming the farmers, Lin Rongquan, a veterinary health expert in Shanghai, pointed the finger of blame at the local government, a major link in the chain of agencies overseeing farms.
"It's definitely the problem of the local government, which should bear the main responsibility. They do not regulate the pig business well," he said.
On Sunday, the central government unveiled restructuring plans aimed at improving efficiency and cutting out graft. The changes came as parliament sat in Beijing for a session at which complaints of corruption and red tape were common.
The restructuring included bundling the responsibilities of several agencies into a ministerial-level General Administration of Food and Drug in response to the scandals.
Analyst Wang said that should help but it would not change things overnight given the problems from feed additives, the use of antibiotics and pollution. "It's a tough job to improve things," he said.
Many people took to the internet to complain. Others sought solace in grim humour. In one joke posted online, a Beijing resident boasts about the air pollution in the capital, saying if he wanted a smoke, he just had to open the window. @Vinegar J
It's the pollutions that I decided to pull out of China, at the end I couldn't bring the money with me to Heaven, if I should stay in China longer my stairway to Heaven will be shorter.
I honestly don't think Xi Jinping is going to take drastic steps to reform China's serious problems, reforms would mean hurting the self interests of the CCP privileged elites, many of whom are Xi's close allies and supporters.
Without democracy, opposition parties and freedom of press/speech to put pressure to these people, China is going to remain a $xithole. Pull out before your health comes to an end. @ Sailor8
As of yesterday, the dead pigs found in the Shanghai river totaled over 10,000 but nothing is said from the government how and what measures would be stepped up to stop this from happening again in the future.
I'm going to repeat Sailor's answer as follows, which write with a heart, as always,
".....Before this CCP came to power all these problems that stem from the different pollutions were known world wide and the side effects from these problems were known. But this government ignored these known problems for the short term profits at the expense of the land and people of China. For quick profits they chose to destroy the country and the people and never even thought about doing anything to help the people they knew they were killing or making sick for life. There are no programs in place to do anything for the sick and injured that they knew would be there if they dumped the pollution on the land and air. No checks and balances for the people who poison t the nation for profits." End-of-Quote
Posted on 13 March 2013 | 4:02 pm
Resolved Question: Surrounding Shanghai
So I don't fully understand the address system in China but I was looking to find some major cities or districts or provinces that like Shanghai have good public transportation (not just limited to buses)
Posted on 4 March 2013 | 9:17 am